Junagadh: A Tragedy Lost In History
By News Desk
Junagadh case is intact as the Instrument of Accession is still intact.
Pakistan should revive the case of Junagadh
The issue of Junagadh is still legally genuine at international level because instrument of accession is still intact. Outstanding issue of Junagadh state should be raised on international forums. Pakistani nation should not forget their claim of the territory of Junagadh and commitment made with Nawab of Junagadh.
Speakers at the round table discussion stressed that Pakistan should carry on the Junagadh issue and fight it on international forums. The Indian occupation of Junagadh is illegal and violation of instrument of accession that Nawab of Junagadh signed with Pakistan. The event was organized by MUSLIM Institute titled “Junagadh: A Tragedy Lost In History”. The prominent among those who addressed the event included the chair of session Leader of the House in senate Senator Raja Zafar ul Haq, chief guest of the event Nawab of Junagadh State H.E Nawab Jahangir Khanji, Former Minister for Law Mr. Ahmer Bilal Soofi, Chairman MUSLIM Institute Sahibzada Sultan Ahmad Ali, Former President NDU Lt. Gen (R) Raza Muhammad Khan, Former Ambassador Aamir Anwar Shadani, HOD, History AIOU Dr Samina Awan, Dept of Politics & IR, QAU Dr. Nazir Hussain, Dept of History, QAU Dr. Farooq Ahmad Dar, TV Anchor Mr. Faisal Rehman, Dr. Shabana Fayaz, Prince Adnan Aurengzaib and others spoke on the occasion.
In case of Kashmir, there is no instrument of accession with India but in case of Junagadh, there is clear letter of accession by Nawab of Junagadh with Pakistan. Actually Hindu mentality is never ready to accept the division and it is form of colonization in 21st Century. On international level this case is unique legal study as Nawab of Junagadh has lost the territory but has all legal rights. The issue is present in UN and Pakistan has all moral and legal rights to defend the case. Issue of Junagadh remained active part of our politics, policy and education curriculum for initial few decades. After shifting of Pakistan’s capital to Islamabad, the issue was gradually lost in history and also lost interest in Pakistan which has impacted the progress of this case in UN. Now the issue is forgotten in realpolitik and international arena.
At the time of division, British India had 562 states and Junagadh was 5th largest state with respect to revenue generation. It had its own systems e.g. army and other infrastructure. It was a welfare state at that time. According to June 3 Plan, Nawab Mahabbat Khanji signed instrument of accession with the then Governor General of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Pakistani flag was raised there. This decision by Nawab of Junagadh was taken after consultation of state council of Junagadh which included Hindus and Muslims both. When Nawab came to Karachi for settlement of different matters with Quaid-i-Azam, civil disorder was created in Junagadh by India and making it an excuse for security concers, Indian forces occupied it while the Nawab was in Pakistan for discussion with Quaid. After occupation by Indian forces, the question of arranging plebiscite there was irrelevant due to presence of occupied forces. Quaid-e-Azam then sent the case to UN.
On the time of partition, Lord Mountbatten initially declared that states should be independent to decide for decision despite of geographical compulsion but afterwards he himself took a u-turn. It was to limit Pakistan geographically and economically in every way possible. It was not only territorial dishonesty but regarding all other assets e.g. armed forces, artillery, trains etc, injustice was done with Pakistan and it was given much less than its actual share.
Successive governments have failed to present case of Junagadh to media and international forums. We should build strong narrative for Junagadh and it needs to be discussed and fought proactively. Our commitment to Junagadh state demands that we should take forward the case of Junagadh along with Kashmir and others. Case is very much alive as the Nawab of Junagadh is still in state of exile and carrying it forward. In legal point of view, as long as the instrument of accession is intact Junagadh is also intact. It should be revived at all public forums, media, universities, think tanks and international forums. Muslims throughout the world should come forward with unity to solve different issues. We should take care that the issue should not remain lost in history.
Diplomats, academicians, politicians, journalists, researchers and people from different walks of life participated in round table discussion.