نئی گریٹ گیم
بابر تھری کا کامیاب تجربہ اور پاکستان کی دفاعی صلاحیت
محمد ابوذر الیاس
بھینسا اور آنٹیاں
طارق اسماعیل ساگر
In their struggle against the tyranny of foreign occupation and to regain their rights, the people of Kashmir look for support from world leaders of conscience and concern who stand for freedom, democratic rights and human dignity.
They realize that the natural sympathy for their cause and their suffering has been inhibited by the perception of the Kashmir problem as either a separatist issue or a territorial problem between India and Pakistan. The truth is that it is neither. The issue involved is first and foremost the issue of the self-determination of a people with a defined history and national character of their own, inhibiting a territory which belongs to neither India nor Pakistan. Their right to determine their future has been explicitly recognized by the United Nations as early as 1948.
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles (Republican) stated on February 5, 1957 that: “We continue to believe that unless the parties are able to agree upon some other solution, the solution which was recommended by the Security Council should prevail, which is that there should be a plebiscite (in Kashmir).”
Two characteristics that distinguishes Kashmir dispute from all other international disputes are that: One, here two main parties – India and Pakistan – agreed what should be the solution of the dispute and that would be a plebiscite under international auspices. Both parties came to the United Nations, both parties accepted the resolutions of the Security Council and then, when the United Nations sent its representatives to discuss the modalities of the plebiscite, India refused to cooperate. Second, it is the only region in the world which shares its border not only with two nuclear-armed rivals – India & Pakistan – but also with a third nuclear-armed nation, China.
Currently U.S. policy has led the Indian Government to believe that all it needs is some political maneuvering to dissipate foreign concern over the appalling situation in Kashmir. The Obama Administration at first showed some concern at least over the savagery of the Indian occupation in Kashmir. However, after the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, there seems to have been a tilt towards India. It is plausible that the tilt has been caused by the prospect of profitable American investments in that large country. As Americans, we appreciate the importance of expanding economic relations between the U.S. and India. But who knows it better than you as a global business leader that American investments in India will remain exposed to grave danger as long as the South Asian Subcontinent remains a scene of continuing strife, with the specter of war always in the horizon and a nuclear exchange not an impossibility. Even from a purely economic perspective, if not from concern over peace, genuine democracy and observance of human rights, the restoration of normalcy in South Asia deserves to be a policy goal for the world’s only superpower. The Kashmir dispute being the key cause of conflict, its marginalization can hardly serve long-term American interests.
The Kashmiri American community is conscience of the strength and extent of the Indian commercial market. We are also aware of the superstitious belief among some American liberal circles that India can do no wrong. We believe, however, that your unequivocal statement on October 15, 2016 that, “If we could get India and Pakistan getting along, I would be honored to do that. That would be a tremendous achievement … I think if they wanted me to, I would love to be the mediator or arbitrator” was both humane and pragmatic, and which responds to long-term interests of the U.S. and India alike. Such an initiative should gather bipartisan support that it so eminently deserves.
We do not visualize a settlement that would be unrealistic and resuscitate the State of Jammu & Kashmir as it existed in October 1947. But we do ask for a settlement that would be in accordance with the wishes of 20 million people of the State, impartially ascertained. The modalities for putting such a settlement in place can be worked out through negotiations between the parties concerned – Governments of India & Pakistan and the legitimate leadership of the people of Jammu & Kashmir.
Denying Kashmir that right is a very dangerous game, particularly when the will for self determination has only grown stronger with the passage of time. So we believe that your desire to mediate and bring the parties together is extremely valuable right now. Our 44th President, President Obama while a candidate in 2008, also promised to help resolve this issue, but did nothing substantial or noteworthy to follow through after he became President. He went for the “deal”–the trade opportunities– but didn’t leverage it. Rather than setting aside your commitments in favor of making important trade deals, it is clear that “linkage” in helping resolve conflicts is something you are quite familiar with which can be established and used to your advantage. It is not just the peace and security of South Asia that is at stake but the peace, security and stability of the region of South Asia, including Afghanistan.
This is a vital commitment. Peace and security are clearly dependent upon resolving this issue in a region where the nuclear option is always on the table. President Ronald Reagan once said, “We do not deny any nation’s legitimate interest in security. But protecting the security of one nation by robbing another of its national independence and national traditions is not legitimate. In the long run, it is not even secure.”
It’s very clear that Kashmir needs a strong and determined will and the genius of an imagination that has the negotiating skills and knows how to bring people together.
Without reservation, it can be said that the person who becomes instrumental in resolving the issue of Kashmir – the bone of contention between the two very potentially dangerous countries – deserves not only the Nobel Peace Prize but also a special place in history. The resolution of the dispute will bring unparalleled honor to the one who help to achieve it. That honor could be yours, Mr. President-elect. Your leadership in helping to settle the Kashmir dispute should not be seen to favor India or Pakistan but to advance the cause of freedom, democracy and human rights.
نامور مورخ اور ماہر تعلیم خرم علی شفیق سے پاکستان کی فلم انڈسٹری اور علامہ اقبال کے آن لائن کورس پر پروگرام ‘مکالمہ’ میں قدسیہ مشہدی کی گفتگو
You can order the book Waheed Murad: His Life and Our Times By Khurram Ali Shafique online through the courier service and website here: http://yayvo.com/waheed-murad-his-life-and-our-times-by-khurram-ali-shafique.html and www.waheedmurad.com.
You can join online course on Allama Iqbal by visiting www.marghdeen.com
ابن مریم ہوا کرے کوئی
اسلام میں مرد اور عورت کے حقوق و فرائض کا باہمی توازن 9
طرز کہن پہ اڑنا
طارق اسماعیل ساگر
“The UN wasn’t created to take mankind into paradise, but rather, to save humanity from hell. ‘ Dag Hammarskjöld, 2nd Secretary General of the U.N.
By News Desk
It is no secret that Middle East is geopolitically as well as religiously a significant part of this world. Islam, Christianity, and Judaism have originated from this region. Three of Islam’s holiest sites are also located there and more than 317 million Muslims are currently living in the Middle East. Unfortunately, it is also one of the regions which are not stranger to conflicts and wars. In most of the conflicts, whether it is Iraq or Syria, Yemen or Libya, we are witnessing that mostly Muslims are fighting against their fellow Muslims.
Speakers of the round table discussion “Deteriorating Middle East: Policy Options for Arab Leaders” organized by MUSLIM Institute shared these views. Speakers included Senator Raja Zafar Ul Haq, Ambassador of Palestine Walid Abu Ali, Amb. (R)Ms. Fauzia Nasreen, Amb. (R) Ishtiaq H Andrabi, Maj. Gen (R) Raza Muhmmad, Amb. (R) Javed Hafeez, Amb (R) Afzal Akbar Khan, Amb. Dr Istvan Gyarmati (via video link), Amb. (R) Younis Khan, Dr. Muhammad Khan, Prof. Dr. Sulcuk Colakoglu (from Turkey through Video Link), Amb (R) Amir A Shadani and Dr. Yasir Malik.
Speakers further said that Middle East is burning and even if the colonial powers are responsible for creating the artificial existing borders, the Arab Leaders accepted those decisions. Today Muslims are responsible for fuelling the sectarian, political and ethnic differences in the region. Although the region has become a battleground for proxy warfare amongst world powers, the responsibility nonetheless lies with regional countries who have invited and facilitated the international players for such warfare.
Speakers highlighted contributing factors to the issue i.e. sectarian divide, Saudi-Iran Scenario, growing ethnicity, effects of Iran-Iraq war, Arab Spring, and the fight for the resources, especially for oil. US is gaining each day due to petro-dollar influence. Palestine issue is the most fundamental to the current turmoil of Middle East. There will be no durable peace in the region unless the Palestine issue is resolved.
We have to realise that these conflicts will result in a defeat for the Muslim Ummah as a whole. World powers are fighting to reshape politics and geography of the region for their own interests. In this situation, Arab leaders need to realise that regional interests are different from that of international players. The solution lies in regional harmony while analysing the situation in broader perspective. Continued turmoil in Middle East will ultimately be a loss for Muslims.
Plight of refugees is critical. Islamic countries should establish a fund to help countries hosting refugees and support them in providing refugees with basic necessities of life. Domestic and regional integration is inevitable for peace in the Middle East. Pakistan should stick to its policy of non-intervention. Sincerity of Muslim leadership and adoption of Islamic economic system is the only way forward for the solution of this burning issue. Pakistan government should invite gulf countries while allowing them to share their potential in China-Pakistan-Economic-Corridor (CPEC). Economic cooperation among regional countries and interdependency can bring peace in the region.
Emerging challenges require the need that we should promote moderate and peaceful image of Islam. Although, UN charter prohibits foreign interference yet we should be ready to counter foreign interference in any form. In this respect, our focus should be on our younger generation if we want to secure our future. Youth should think and act independently.
Mukalma Episode 3 – Kashmir Right to Self-Determination – 05-01-2017
Syeda Qudsiya Mashhadi in conversation with Kashmiri Activists Shaista Safi and Zaman Bajwa.
A Voice of East presentation.
کشمیری ایکٹوسٹ شائستہ صفی اور زمان باجوہ سے کشمیر کے حقِ خود ارادیت پر پروگرام ‘مکالمہ’ میں قدسیہ مشہدی کی گفتگو
By Zaman Bajwa
It was a historic day, when two leaders sat together for humanity. President of United States of America, Mr Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister of United Kingdom Mr Winston Churchill signed Atlantic Charter on 14, Aug, 1941. According to charter the nations, based on respect for the principle of equal rights and fair equality of opportunity, have the right to freely choose their sovereignty and international political status with no interference.
Right after seven years of this charter, the Asian Sub-continent was divided into two countries, Pakistan and India, but the state of Jammu & Kashmir remains disputed between these two countries. A United Nations commission obtained acceptance on January 5, 1949 by both parties for a peace plan involving a cease fire, demilitarization of the state and referendum under the supervision of a United Nations appointed administrator. The Security Council recommended that the people of Jammu & Kashmir will have the right of self-determination to decide the future status of state. This resolution was negotiated with both India and Pakistan and accepted by five members of the commission. The ceasefire was effective accordingly but the plan of demilitarization failed due to Indian stubbornness.
India disavowed from its commitment which was made in UN. Also forgot the promise of her Prime Minister Nehru with people of Kashmir on 2 Nov, 1947. Mr Nehru said, “We have declared that the fate of Kashmir is ultimately to be decided by people of Kashmir. That pledge we have given and the Maharaja supported it, not only to the people of Kashmir but to the World. We will not and can’t back out of it.”
India still occupies Kashmir with its 700,000 army and supportive agencies. The people of Kashmir are under continuous occupation and torture from the last 68 years. India is suppressing the voices of Kashmiris by different draconian laws like AFSPA and PSA.
During this time period, people of Kashmir tried different ways to convey their message. World witnessed uprisings in Kashmir in 2008, 2010 and latest one in 2016. Extra-judicial killing of social media activist Burhan Wani gave a new face to this movement. People are on streets for their basic human right of freedom.
India is using different inhumane ways to crush peaceful protesters who are demanding their right of freedom. Hundreds of people got injured and arrested by Indian occupation army. India is blinding people by using pellet guns and PAVA shells. Use of brutal force and inhuman acts forced human rights organization to speak about it. Major newspapers and media houses are talking about the situation in Kashmir. Physicians for Human Rights organization published a report on pellet guns and they declared India responsible for it.
Now the office of United Nations is handed over to a new Secretary General, Mr António Guterres, who gave a special message of peace on arrival of New Year. Mr António Guterres declared 2017 as year of peace in his message. People of Jammu and Kashmir are looking towards him and hoping that he will play his role to fulfil the promise of self-determination by India at United Nations.
میرا نام نہ لینا
اسلام میں مرد اور عورت کے حقوق و فرائض کا باہمی توازن 8
نہ دیر میں نہ حرم میں خودی کی بیداری
پاکستان کے نامور تجزیہ نگار طارق اسماعیل ساگر سے 2016 میں ہونے والے اہم واقعات پر پروگرام ‘مکالمہ’ میں قدسیہ مشہدی کی گفتگو
You can order Tariq Ismail Sagar’s books by calling 0300-9468248
“Peace need not be impracticable, and war need not be inevitable.” John F. Kennedy
قائد اعظم کی 11 اگست کی تقریر، غلط فہمی دور کریں
ڈاکٹر عمیر محمود صدیقی